Some 300,000 people are directly threatened by mines and explosive remnants of war, the legacy of four decades of successive conflicts, and major obstacles to Chad's development. Moreover, instability on the country's borders has only served to worsen an already complex humanitarian situation, with more than 4.7 million people now in need of emergency assistance, according to estimates. HI has been working since October 2014 to support the country’s mine clearance and victim assistance sectors. Since 2015, the organisation has raised the awareness of displaced populations in the Lake Chad region to the risk from unexploded ordnance and promoted the inclusion of children with disabilities in education.
School in Chad -HI | © Denis Ricca / HI
Actions in process
HI is present in Chad as part of an EU-funded development aid programme.
It helps clear land contaminated by mines and explosive remnants of war in order to restore it to villages directly affected by them. It provides training for members of the National Mine Action Centre and updates its procedures.
The organisation trains Chad personnel in physical rehabilitation and is supporting this sector by developing a system for identifying people with disabilities. It has supported the reopening of the N' Djamena rehabilitation centre and helps organisations of casualties and people with disabilities - particularly marginalised in Chad – to defend their rights.
In the Lake Chad region, where many people have fled violence perpetrated by the Boko Haram group in neighbouring Nigeria, HI is working to improve access to education for children with disabilities. HI will also implement risk education on unexploded ordnance to reduce the number of accidents.
Situation of the country
Essentially rural, Chad is ranked among the world’s 10 poorest countries in terms of human development. However, it has recently experienced strong growth due to oil extraction.
The regional security situation remains worrying: the crises in Sudan, the Central African Republic and Libya, as well as the actions of the terrorist organisation Boko Haram, have worsened an already very complex humanitarian situation. The country is already hosting close to 600,000 people who have fled neighbouring crises and are living in very precarious conditions.
Chad has a population of approximately 14 million people, 47 per cent of whom live below the poverty line, according to the World Bank.