In Myanmar (formerly Burma), HI advances the rights of casualties of mines and explosive remnants of war and people with disabilities, and promotes their inclusion in local communities.
HI organises mine risk education sessions for Burmese refugees of the Thai border. | © HI
Actions in process
HI provides support to casualties of mines and explosive remnants of war and people with disabilities, and helps them access rehabilitation care. The organisation trains and provides financial support to disabled people’s organisations to help people with disabilities play a role in their community and to feel included. The organisation also provides people with risk education on mines and explosive remnants of war.
The organisation trains actors from NGO members of a consortium that aims at improving natural disaster preparation plans. The goal is to make sure people with disabilities and the most vulnerable are taken into account in emergency preparation plans, and are able to protect themselves in an emergency.
Lastly, since 1984, HI has been active in Burmese refugee camps along the Myanmar-Thailand border. The organisation has set up rehabilitation centres and supplies prostheses and mobility aids (wheelchairs, crutches and walking frames) to people with disabilities. This specific equipment is produced in workshops inside five camps. HI also helps people with disabilities to access services such as health care and education, and new sources of income. The organisation also implements mine risk education in areas along the Myanmar-Thailand border.
Situation of the country
According to the International Campaign to Ban Landmines report, Myanmar is one of the countries with the highest number of casualties of anti-personnel mines and unexploded devices - more than 3,600 since 1999. In 2015, at least 159 new accidents caused by mines or explosive remnants of war were reported.
No mine clearance operations have been implemented although the regime of President Htin Kyaw has acknowledged the scale of the problem. Myanmar remains the only regime in the world to make regular use of anti-personnel mines.