Humanity & Inclusion’s emergency teams regularly provide response to recurrent natural disasters in the country. The organisation’s most recent response followed typhoon Mangkhut, which struck the Philippines in September 2018.
Destruction in Leyte province following typhoon Haiyan | © B. Blondel / HI
Actions in process
Since 1985, HI has worked in the most poverty-stricken areas of the Philippines.
The organisation’s teams regularly provide emergency response in the wake of cyclones, volcanic eruptions or floods, which regularly strike the country. HI organised the distribution of kits to help local people clear roads blocked by typhoon Mankghut, which hit the Philippines in September 2018.
Following Typhoon Haiyan in 2013, the most violent typhoon ever recorded, Humanity & Inclusion also launched an emergency response in the provinces of Leyte and Capiz. The organisation’s teams deployed a logistics platform to help ensure humanitarian aid reached the most isolated areas. They also distributed 1,390 tents to people whose homes had been destroyed, and supported the process to rebuild shelters for 900 households. HI also worked in 50 Child Friendly Spaces to ensure children with disabilities were able to play and learn in a secure environment. HI also builds the resilience of students and teachers to natural disasters in five schools in areas affected by typhoon Haiyan and helps ensure people at risk are taken into account in disaster risk reduction activities.
HI runs a cardiovascular disease (CVD) programme and a diabetes care programme in the Davao region with the aim of preventing the onset of disabilities. For example, the organisation is improving diabetes foot care services within the Davao health care system, by training professionals and raising the awareness of diabetes sufferers regarding existing care options.
Humanity & Inclusion is also implementing the ‘Forward Together’ project that aims to give young people with disabilities access to employment in Indonesia and the Philippines.
Situation of the country
A country badly affected by natural disasters
Located in South-East Asia, the Philippines archipelago is one of the most vulnerable regions on the planet in terms of natural disasters. Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions cause substantial losses and extensive damage. Typhoons are very frequent and their secondary effects – landslides, flooding and flash floods – are devastating. Typhoon Haiyan hit the country in November 2013 and left 8,000 people dead and 15 million affected in some way by the disaster. During the two decades that preceded Typhoon Haiyan, natural disasters had already killed more than 31,000 persons and affected 98 million people in the Philippines.
Typhoon Haiyan, which hit the country in November 2013, killed 8,000 people and affected more than 15 million others.
As in many developing countries, non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease also pose a serious threat and are one of the causes of disabilities in the population.
In the Philippines, poverty is not just a rural phenomenon. There are major inequalities between different regions and socio-economic groups. The poorest provinces are those of Visayas and Mindanao, but poverty is also very acute in the southern regions of Luzon.
The Philippines has ratified the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Legislative measures have been adopted since 1982 and a major law to protect people with disabilities was promulgated in 1992. It emphasises their right to participate fully in society and to access training and employment, education, health and social services and public transport on an equal basis.