HI works in Yemen to support vulnerable people and people with disabilities as well as those injured in the regional conflict which has affected the country since March 2015. The organisation supports NGOs in better including vulnerable people and people with disabilities in the emergency response.
Actions in process
Since returning to Yemen in 2014, HI have been implementing actions to mitigate the impact of the crisis which affects the whole country, with specific attention paid to vulnerable and injured people.
The organisation works in health establishments (hospitals and rehabilitation centres) and provides rehabilitation equipment to support people injured or left disabled by the conflict. It also delivers training and awareness-raising sessions to physiotherapists and other medical staff on rehabilitation care and managing war injuries.
HI supports all the humanitarian actors working in Yemen to ensure vulnerable people (elderly people, people who are isolated or with disabilities) are better taken into account in humanitarian interventions, and are not left out.
Situation of the country
Following its reunification in 1991, Yemen has been subject to chronic political instability and a catastrophic economic situation. Since 2011, Yemen has experienced a new spiral of violence which has culminated in a civil war opposing diverse political factions fighting to take control of the country.
This spiral of violence peaked when the conflict became regional, since March 2015 a coalition of arab countries has been intervening militarily in the country. The conflict has set in, leaving Yemen on its knees, heavily contaminated by improvised explosive devices and sub-munitions.
Essential infrastructure has been damaged or destroyed by the violence of the fighting and bombing raids. At the end of October 2016, less than half of the country's health facilities (hospitals or health centres) were operational.
The main victims of this generalised violence are the civilian population. In November 2016, four out of five Yemenis (almost 19 million people) required immediate humanitarian assistance. 4.5 million Yemenis are in need of food assistance. Over 2 million are still displaced due to the violence. In 2017, a severe cholera epidemic broke out in several governorates and humanitarian organisations still face immense difficulties operating in the country.