Go to main content

4th anniversary of the conflict in Yemen: Civilians: victims of the fighting and of explosive remnants of war

Emergency Explosive weapons Rehabilitation
Yemen

In Yemen, the widespread use of explosive weapons has created high levels of contamination which, even after the fighting, poses an additional threat to civilians.

The city of Sana'a heavily damaged by bombings

The city of Sana'a heavily damaged by bombings | © ISNA Agency / HI

An asymmetric conflict

The conflict in Yemen is asymmetrical, similar to those in other countries (Syria, Iraq, etc.), where the war opposes on the one hand a sophisticated army - in this case the international Saudi-led coalition - conducting extensive, blanket bombing raids, often in urban areas; and on the other hand an insurgency led by Houthis rebels, characterised by the use of mines, the poor man’s weapon. Caught in the middle, it is the civilian population that pays the highest price: 90% of the victims of explosive weapons are civilians.

 

Mass bombing

The fighting has mainly taken place in urban environments, the numerous indiscriminate attacks often taken civilian victims. This has resulted in mass population displacements as people flee the fighting, a local economy brought to its knees, and a total lack of essential services. Yemen has been plunged into chaos.

Fifty percent of its health infrastructure is no longer operational, complicating access to health care and leaving the remaining hospitals overrun. At the same time the medical needs are immense.

 

Record levels of contamination

The bombing and use of mines have created huge levels of contamination, in particular in the west of the country. This is a scourge for the local inhabitants. Yemen is now one of the most heavily contaminated countries in the world.

This contamination constitutes a permanent threat for the population. The presence of explosive remnants of war and mines leaves whole swathes of land unusable: certain fields can no longer be used to grow crops due to the presence of bombs, certain roads cannot be used due to mines, certain schools are inaccessible…

 

A long-term legacy

This contamination is complex and diverse: observers have found old landmines produced in Belgium, China and Eastern Germany, improvised explosive devices, sometimes mass produced, remnants of missiles, shells and sub-munitions… The impact on the local population is catastrophic. Once the fighting is over, long and complex mine clearance operations will be required in the urban areas requiring reconstruction, in amongst the rubble. This will have a huge impact on the reconstruction process and the country’s economic recovery. Yemen will suffer from this deadly legacy for decades to come.

Where your
support
helps

PRESS CONTACT

CANADA

Gabriel PERRIAU

USA

Mica BEVINGTON

 

Help them
concretely

To go further

Bombing destroys essential infrastructures and make countries unable to respond the COVID pandemic
©T. Mayer / HI
Explosive weapons

Bombing destroys essential infrastructures and make countries unable to respond the COVID pandemic

While the global pandemic has exacerbated the human suffering caused by bombing in populated areas, it has halted the international negotiations for the adoption of a political declaration on the issue. States gathered online at the discussion "Protecting Civilians in Urban Warfare" on September 7 to keep the momentum and revive the diplomatic process.

World first: HI locates mines buried underground
© J. Fardoulis / HI
Explosive weapons

World first: HI locates mines buried underground

Xavier Depreytere, head of innovation projects at Humanity & Inclusion (HI), explains why the drone demining project launched by HI in 2018 is a world first.

European Union awards HI two prizes for its innovative projects
© HI
Explosive weapons Rehabilitation

European Union awards HI two prizes for its innovative projects

On 24 September, the European Union Horizon Prize for Affordable High-Tech for Humanitarian Aid honoured Humanity & Inclusion (HI) with two awards. These prizes recognise the organisation’s efforts to develop practical and effective solutions in order to enhance the care and treatment of vulnerable people.