Cluster munitions: investments in free-fall
On 3 December, the non-governmental organisation PAX published its ninth report on investments in the production of cluster munitions, Worldwide Investments in Cluster Munitions: A Shared Responsability. According to the report, these investments have fallen by two thirds since its last report in May 2017.
Cluster munitions found in Kobani, northern Syria in 2015 | © Philippe Houilat / HI
A dramatic decrease
Investments in cluster munitions have fallen from $31 billion (between 2013 and 2017) to $9 billion (between 2015 and 2018). This dramatic 350% drop is largely due to the fact that two American manufacturers, Textron and Orbital ATK, no longer produce and deliver these weapons. However, seven weapons manufacturers continue to produce cluster munitions.
Dramatic drop in investor numbers
The report named 88 financial institutions that have invested in the seven cluster-munition manufacturers identified between May 2015 and June 2018. This is half the 166 financial institutions identified during the previous reporting period (2013-2017).
Legislating against these weapons
Anne Héry, Director of Advocacy at HI
Submunitions continue to kill
According to the Cluster Munition Monitor 2018 published last August, new cluster munition use was reported in Syria and Yemen in 2017. In total, the Monitor recorded 289 new cluster munition casualties in 2017 - both due to cluster munition remnants and during cluster munition attacks - in eight countries and two other areas. Civilians made up 99% of all cluster munition casualties.
 Up to 40% of cluster munitions do not explode on impact. Like anti-personnel mines, they can be triggered at the slightest touch, killing and maiming during and after conflicts.