In Cuba, HI aims at creating a society more inclusive of people with disabilities by advancing their integration.
A show organised as part of the community-based rehabilitation project | © Marta Burgaya / HI
Actions in process
Out of the more than 360,000 people with disabilities in Cuba, one in three suffers from an intellectual disability. There are a range of contributing factors: a lack of information on the risks linked to disability during pregnancy, a lack of preparation for families bringing home a child with disabilities and a lack of specialist medical equipment. HI therefore works to improve prevention, care-management and understanding of intellectual disabilities within communities, notably in collaboration with professionals in the health sector.
In the Granma province in the south-west of the country, the organisation is also helping people with disabilities who have benefited from rehabilitation sessions to obtain adapted and satisfying employment by improving existing vocational training structures.
Situation of the country
Access to care in Cuba, one of the largest countries in the Caribbean, is problematic for the most vulnerable people.
The Republic of Cuba is the largest country in the Caribbean, with more than 11 million inhabitants. In 2015, presidents Barack Obama and Raul Castro announced that diplomatic relations between the two countries had been restored, after a period of more than 50 years. Although people with disabilities have free medical care, difficulties with transport and the lack of modern and/or specialised equipment (such as audiometry tests) limit their access to this care. Furthermore, they are particularly vulnerable during natural disasters, particularly hurricanes, such as Hurricane Matthew, which hit the east of Cuba in October 2016 and affected more than 300,000 people.